Diyala Journal for Pure Science
Scientific Refereed Journal Published By College of Science - University of Diyala
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Diyala Journal for Pure Science DJPS
P- ISSN:2222-8373, E-ISSN:2518-9255
Volume 13, Issue 3, Part 1 , July. 2017
Screening for celiac disease using anti-tissue transglutaminase antibody assays in healthy students individuals
Braihan Hamdi Hameed
Year: 2017, Volume: 13, Issue: 3, Part: 1
Pages: 162-169, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24237/djps.1303.236A
This study was aimed to determine the prevalence of seropositivity of celiac disease among apparently healthy individuals. Between December / 2014 to March / 2015, eighty four apparently healthy students (42 males and 42 females) of the Technical College/Kirkuk with mean age ± standard deviation of 22.25 ± 2.85 years where participated in the study. All subjects were serologically screened for the presence of immunoglobulin A and G of anti-tissue transglutaminase antibodies (IgA-tTG and IgG-tTG) by using Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA). In total, 84 students (42 males and 42 females). There was only five students (5.9%) who had a seropositive for celiac disease, including 4 females and 1 male, among them only one female showed positive results of both IgA and IgG anti-tissue transglutaminase antibodies (IgA-tTG and IgG-tTG), while the remaining students (3 females and 1 male) revealed negative results of IgA anti-tissue transglutaminase antibodies and positive results of IgG anti-tissue transglutaminase antibodies. The Computerized Microsoft Excel program was performed by using proportions and mean ± standard deviation. In conclusions, positive celiac screening is existent at a high prevalence rate in our healthy individuals, in which the individuals' IgA deficiency are detected with the positivity of IgG anti-tissue transglutaminase antibodies. Females are more affected than males. A study widely is needed to estimate the real prevalence by substantiation of positive cases with histological examination.
Keywords: Celiac disease, anti-tissue transglutaminase antibody.